[ASC-media] Consumers taking a bite out of the earth
creade at squirrel.com.au
Sun Aug 17 13:46:19 PDT 2014
INTERNATIONAL HORTICULTURE CONGRESS
18 August 2014
Media are welcome to attend and prearranged interviews are encouraged.
Contact: Cathy Reade, Media Manager IHC2014 0413 575 934
cathy.reade at crawfordfund.org
Or Julian Cribb, 0418 639 245
CONSUMERS 'TAKING A BIG BITE OUT OF THE EARTH'
Every meal served costs the planet 10 kilos of soil, 800 litres of fresh
water and 1.3 litres of diesel fuel.
"That's what it takes to feed the typical person for just one meal - and
when you multiply it by 7.2 billion people each eating around a thousand
meals a year, our modern food system is devouring a vast amount of resources
unsustainably," said Julian Cribb, opening keynote speaker at the Olympics
Mr Cribb will be speaking on 18 August to over 3000 delegates from more than
100 countries who will attend the International Horticulture Congress
(IHC2014) - the world premier horticulture event - in Brisbane from 17-22
August at the Brisbane Exhibition and Convention Centre. It will mark the
150th anniversary of the International Society for Horticultural Science.
IHC2014 includes the world's leading experts in horticulture science to
highlight issues related to the unique potential of horticulture to impact
broadly on the key issues of modern society - health, wealth and an improved
"Eating is our largest personal impact on the planet - but few people
appreciate how big it is," says Mr Cribb, author of "The Coming Famine: the
global food crisis and how we can avoid it" (UCP 2010).
"The world currently loses around 75 billion tonnes of topsoil a year.
Despite progress in some countries, global soil degradation is getting
worse, not better. At such rates, scientists are warning we could run short
of good farming soils within 50-70 years."
Mr Cribb says the picture is similar for water, with more than 4000 cubic
kilometres of groundwater being extracted - most of it unsustainably - every
year. Places such as north China, the Indo-Gangetic region, the Middle East
and Midwest USA face critical water shortages by the 2030s. Meanwhile huge
cities and gas companies are grabbing the farmers' remaining water - making
the task of feeding the world so much harder.
"Most governments and consumers fail to recognise that scarcities of water,
land, oil, nutrients, technology, fish and finance are now acting in sync -
and being amplified by climate shocks.
"Equally important is the fact that three out of every four people in
affluent societies now die from a diet-related disease.
"This pandemic of preventable disease now consumes three quarters of our
exploding healthcare budgets.
"So there are two major reasons to radically change the world diet - health
"The world horticultural industry will be at the forefront of that change,"
Mr Cribb says.
"There are huge opportunities for new foods, new production systems and
novel diets which are healthier and more sustainable as well as delicious.
"Currently humanity consumes just a few hundred different plants: the modern
diet is largely based on just five grains and five animals
"Yet there are 27,600 edible plants on Earth, mostly vegetables and most of
them unknown to the majority of people.
"We have not yet begun to explore the horticultural, health and culinary
potential of our home planet - and now is the perfect time to do so.
"I predict that over the coming two decades, this will lead to a major boom
in horticulture, both in the cultivation of thousands of novel crops, in the
development of new production systems such as aquaponics, biocultures and
algae culture and green cities, and in the design of new foods and diets.
"This will be driven in part by climate change, which will make the
production of grain-based agriculture and the livestock sectors that depend
on it increasingly erratic, globally.
"But it will also be driven by a worldwide demand from consumers for
lighter, fresher, healthier, more sustainable and more local foods.
"It is already clear from social media we are witnessing the start of a
global revolt by consumers against the industrialised food system that is
making them sick, and destroying farming communities and landscapes.
"Together these forces are poised to change the nature of food for all time
- in favour of lighter, healthier more sustainable diets dominated by
vegetables and fruits of astonishing diversity.
"Following the age of music and the age of computing, the world is now
entering the Age of Food.
"Never has world cuisine been so spectacularly diverse - or so far short of
its true potential.
"Food is one of the most creative acts which humans perform, and
horticulturalists will be global leaders in that creativity.
"This isn't just a matter of fashion. In a world of ten billion people, how
intelligently we design our food will define the human future, now and for
all time, for good or ill" he concluded.
International plenary speakers include:
. Em Prof Marc Van Montagu, World Food Prize Laureate (2013) and
co-discoverer of the transformation technology used worldwide to produce
genetically engineered plants.
. Dr Shenggen Fan, Director General of the leading food think-tank,
International Food Policy Research Institute, who received the 2014 World
Food Programme's Hunger Hero Award.
. Dr Dyno Keatinge, Director General of the World Vegetable Centre and
Chair of the Global Horticulture Initiative.
. Dr Dennis Gonsalves, former director of the USDA Pacific Basin
Agricultural Research Center, who led the development of the virus-resistant
transgenic papaya, saving the Hawaiian papaya industry.
. Malcolm Smith, the founding design director of the Integrated
Urbanism Unit at Arup, London. The title of his keynote address is "Food
forming places - horticulture and the contemporary city".
. Dr Martin Hamer, CEO, International Centre for Sustainable
Development, Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences, who specialises
in preventing transfer of pollutants into the food chain.
In addition to presentations on particular fruits, vegetables, nuts and
berries, more general issues include:
- The place of horticulture in world food production
- Human health effects of fruits, vegetables, nuts and berries
- The future of indigenous vegetables and their role in the battle
against malnutrition and disease
- Traditional and modern knowledge of medicinal and aromatic plants
- Functional & biofortified food and GMOs in horticulture
- Mechanisation, precision horticulture and robotics
- Connections between nature, plants, landscapes and human health
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